Physical Rehabilitation and Recreational Health Technologies https://phrir.com/journal <p><strong>ISSN 2522-1906 (Print), </strong><strong>ISSN 2522-1914 (Online)</strong></p> <p><strong>Parallel title:</strong> Fizicna Reabilitacia ta Rekreacijno-Ozdorovci Tehnologii<br /><strong>Parallel title:</strong> Фізична реабілітація та рекреаційно-оздоровчі технології</p> <p><strong>Publisher: <a href="https://khdafk.com.ua/naukova-robota/naukova-diyalnist/naukovo-teoretychni-vydannya/">Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture</a></strong></p> <p><strong>Country:</strong> Ukraine<br /><strong>Founded:</strong> 2016<br /><strong>Frequency:</strong> 6 times a year<br />The publication language is English.</p> <p dir="ltr">The journal publishes articles on the following topics:</p> <p><strong>Medicine</strong><br />Complementary and Manual Therapy<br />Occupational Therapy<br />Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation<br />Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health<br />Rehabilitation</p> <p><strong>Health Professions</strong><br />Occupational Therapy<br />Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation</p> <p dir="ltr">The materials of the scientific journal are of theoretical and practical interest for doctoral students, post-graduate students, masters, rehabilitation specialists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, physical medicine and rehabilitation doctor, medical doctor, sports doctors, massage therapists, scientific and pedagogical workers.</p> <p dir="ltr"> </p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief:<br />Yuliya Kalmykova<a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6227-8046"><img src="https://sportpedagogy.org.ua/images/ORCIDiD_icon16x16.png" alt="orcid" /></a><br /></strong>PhD (Physical Therapy), Associate Professor.<br />Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture (Kharkiv, Ukraine)</p> <p><strong>Deputy Editors-in-Chief:</strong><br /><strong>Oleksandr Romanchuk<a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6592-2573"><img src="https://sportpedagogy.org.ua/images/ORCIDiD_icon16x16.png" alt="orcid" /></a></strong><br />Doctor of Medical Science, Chief researcher.<br />Ukrainian Research Institute of Medical Rehabilitation and Resort Therapy of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine (Odesa, Ukraine)</p> en-US Physical Rehabilitation and Recreational Health Technologies 2522-1906 Application of mental fitness tools in the prevention of stress-associated conditions of female students of higher education establishments https://phrir.com/journal/article/view/108 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> to check the effectiveness of the use of mental fitness tools for the prevention of stress-related conditions of female students of higher education establishments.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; methods:</strong> 56 female students, average age 19.5 ± 1.5 years, participated in the study. The main group (MG) included 34 participants who, for 6 months, practiced mental fitness twice a week for 80 minutes. 22 female students who formed the control group (CG) practiced the physical education program of a higher education institution twice a week for 80 minutes during the same period. The following research methods were used: analysis, synthesis, generalization, pedagogical experiment, survey, modelling, statistical analysis using correlation analysis, comparative analysis, effect assessment method, non-linear assessment methods, model quality assessment methods.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> the positive experience of implementing mental fitness programs into the practice of physical activity of higher education students is summarized. It was established that 71.4% of female students complain of mood swings, 60.7% – of anxiety, and 39.3% – of depressive states. After the study, 71.4% of female students indicated that their mood improved, 67.9% reported an improvement in physical condition, and 57.1% focused on reducing stress levels. It has been proven that there are statistically significant (p&lt;0.05) correlations between the manifestations and indicators of stress-related conditions of students, the largest of which was recorded between the signs of PTSD and the indicators that determine stress-related conditions. Depending on the mental fitness classes, after the study there was a statistically significant (p&lt;0.05) reduction in PTSD symptoms, improvement in mood and well-being compared to CG students. After the study, the prevent post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) risk score for CG students was higher by 1.64 standard deviations compared to MG students. A statistically significant (p&lt;005) logistic binary model was developed, improved and scientifically substantiated, which, based on data on well-being, allows predicting whether a student is engaged in mental fitness. It has been proven that despite its lower predictive ability compared to other developed models, it has such advantages as statistically significant coefficients (p &lt; 0.05), the ability to predict whether a student is engaged in mental fitness with 88.2% accuracy using only data on well-being, retention high prognostic ability with a significant simplification of the model. This shows that the developed model is the best choice for practical application.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: it is advisable to introduce mental fitness tools into the practice of health-recreational motor activity of female students in order to improve mood, work capacity and well-being, and, as a result, PTSD.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Olena Andrieieva Nataliia Byshevets Vitalii Kashuba Liubomyr Pasichniak Yuliia Lazakovych Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-01 2024-06-01 9 3 98 112 10.15391/prrht.2024-9(3).01 Correlating anthropometric parameters with lower limb muscle strength: on the example of female volleyball players https://phrir.com/journal/article/view/109 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This study aimed to investigate the relationship between anthropometric parameters, strength of the muscles of the lower limbs, and jump height among women volleyball players, with a focus on anthropometric parameters.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods:</strong> Thirty-two university-level women volleyball players aged 18 to 25 years participated in the study. Height, weight, arm span, body mass index (BMI), and lower limb muscle strength were measured using standard anthropometric techniques and specialized equipment. Regression modeling and Pearson correlation analysis were employed to examine the associations between anthropometric parameters and lower limb muscle strength.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The regression analysis revealed significant associations between weight and BMI with lower limb muscle strength, indicating a positive relationship with weight and a negative relationship with BMI. However, height and arm span did not show significant correlations with lower limb muscle strength. Pearson correlation analysis confirmed strong positive correlations between height, weight, arm span, and lower limb muscle strength.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> This study challenges the conventional emphasis on height alone in assessing athletic performance in women's volleyball. It highlights the significant roles played by weight and BMI in predicting lower limb muscle strength and jump height, suggesting that players with greater body mass tend to achieve greater vertical displacement during jumps. These findings underscore the importance of considering a holistic array of anthropometric parameters, lower limb muscle strength, in talent identification and training program design in women's volleyball</p> Bharathi Palani Yeddanapalli Chinniah Louis Raj Swamynathan Sanjaykumar Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-01 2024-06-01 9 3 113 122 10.15391/prrht.2024-9(3).02 Comparative Assessment of Stress Levels in Residential and Nonresidential Sports Men and Women: A Comprehensive Study https://phrir.com/journal/article/view/110 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p><strong>Back ground:</strong> Sports have witnessed remarkable development over the past few decades, primarily attributed to the pivotal role played by mental prowess. Sports individuals' intellectual quotient (IQ) and mental stability have become integral factors in their performance. This study focuses on the psychological aspect of stress in sports, analyzing the stress levels among residential and nonresidential male and female college and university players in Tamil Nadu.</p> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This study aims to examine the stress levels exhibited by sportsmen and women during training and competition, emphasizing the need for psychological comprehension and counseling.</p> <p><strong>Material and methodology:</strong> The survey involved 1600 subjects, including 400 residential men players, 400 residential women players, 400 nonresidential men players, and 400 nonresidential women players from various universities and colleges. A psychological stress coping questionnaire was administered to assess stress levels, including the Maslach Burnout Inventory and Reena Kaul and Bedi's stress scale (2001).</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Significant differences in stress levels were observed among residential and nonresidential men players, with residential men players demonstrating higher stress levels (Mean = 50.14, SD = 0.09) compared to nonresidential men players (Mean = 46.41, SD = 0.15; t-value = 408.04, p &lt; 0.05). A similar pattern was found among residential and nonresidential women players, with residential women players experiencing lower stress levels (Mean = 46.06, SD = 0.77) compared to nonresidential women players (Mean = 48.51, SD = 0.81; t-value = 41.64, p &lt; 0.05). Furthermore, a significant difference in stress levels was observed between residential men and women players (t-value = 40.58, p &lt; 0.05) and nonresidential men and women players (t-value = 8.74, p &lt; 0.05). The analysis of stress variables revealed a substantial mean difference among all four groups, comprising men and women, residential and nonresidential university and college players (F-value = 4486.25, p &lt; 0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> This study concludes significant variations in stress levels among residential and nonresidential male and female college and university players in Tamil Nadu. The findings are supported by statistically significant differences in stress experiences within these player groups, emphasizing the need for psychological support and interventions in sports.</p> Vinu W G. Vinod Kumar Dilshith Azeezul Kabeer Ayona Eldos K. Ketheeswaran Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-01 2024-06-01 9 3 123 134 10.15391/prrht.2024-9(3).03 Impact of the implementation of the project “polish-kazakh regional center for training, safety and rescue” on competence in the field of medical care https://phrir.com/journal/article/view/111 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p><strong>Purpose</strong>: evaluate the impact of the implementation of the project “Polish-Kazakh Regional Center for Training, Safety and Rescue” within the framework of the “RITA - Region in Transition” program on the level of knowledge, skills and abilities in the field of medical care.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods.</strong> The study involved 646 participants in the first aid training using the BLS algorithm based on the Non-Profit Joint Stock Company “K. Zhubanov Aktobe Regional University.” The study involved: determining the level of stress in the event of being in a situation where it is necessary to provide assistance to a person who has lost consciousness; assessment of the Basic Life Support (BLS) algorithm of actions; assessing the effectiveness of chest compressions on the Laerdal Little Anne QCPR manikin.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>. It was revealed that after completing the BLS training, the project participants’ stress level, if they find themselves in a situation where it is necessary to provide assistance to a person who has lost consciousness, has decreased significantly. Based on the results of testing the assessment of the BLS action algorithm, it was found that the level of knowledge and skills in providing first aid improved by 75,9%. It was found that the efficiency of pressing on the chest of the manikin improved by 53,3% after training. Positive changes in all indicators indicate that BLS training using the KISS (keep it short and simple) methodology is accessible, understandable and effective for all project participants. It was found that indicators of stress level, BLS action algorithm and QCPR effectiveness both at the beginning and at the end of the study have a correlation dependence. Reduced stress levels occur due to increased preparedness among participants and contributes to more effective care delivery. The reliable nature of the connections confirms the assumptions made and gives grounds to assert that the goal of the project has been achieved.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>The results obtained prove the effectiveness of the implementation of the project “Polish-Kazakh Regional Center for Training, Safety and Rescue”. Thanks to the events carried out, a large number of voters approved the formation of comprehensive competence to provide first aid in the case of Sudden Cardiac Arrest. As a result of the trainings, participants acquired practical skills in carrying out resuscitation measures, mastered the algorithm for providing assistance, and increased the level of confidence in their own theoretical knowledge and practical skills. This project proves that social activism and collaboration between scientists can be very effective and lead to systemic change. In Kazakhstan, where high rates of Sudden Cardiac Arrest are recorded, thanks to the implementation of international projects, a number of events and trainings have already been introduced, largely popularizing the ability to provide first aid, which will further influence the activities of governmental and non-governmental organizations. The results obtained allow us to recommend similar projects for implementation in other countries</p> Tomasz Zalewski Alexander Skaliy Kateryna Mulyk Tatiana Skaliy Andrzej Ostrowski Witold Kowalski Maria Adamczyk Copyright (c) 2024 Tomasz Zalewski , Alexander Skaliy, Kateryna Mulyk, Tatiana Skaliy, Andrzej Ostrowski , Witold Kowalski , Maria Adamczyk https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-01 2024-06-01 9 3 135 150 10.15391/prrht.2024-9(3).04 The effectiveness of a 12-week sport nutrition education intervention on female volleyball players performance https://phrir.com/journal/article/view/112 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a 12-week sport nutrition education intervention (SNEI) on female volleyball players aged 18 to 25 in Tamil Nadu, India, with a focus on improving nutritional knowledge, dietary habits, body composition, and athletic performance.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods:</strong> Employing a single-group pre- and post-test design, 30 participants underwent the SNEI, consisting of structured educational sessions covering topics such as energy intake, macronutrients, and hydration. Performance evaluations included agility, vertical jump, broad jump, and strength tests using standardized protocols.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Post-intervention, participants demonstrated significant improvements in multiple domains. Sport nutrition knowledge increased significantly, with mean scores rising from 65.4 ± 7.2 to 82.7 ± 6.5. Dietary intake saw notable enhancements, particularly in protein and fat consumption, reflecting adherence to dietary guidelines. Body composition assessments revealed reduced fat mass, indicating improvements in body composition. Performance metrics exhibited significant enhancements, including agility, vertical jump height, broad jump distance, and strength, highlighting improved athletic performance.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The findings indicate that the 12-week SNEI effectively enhanced sport nutrition knowledge, dietary habits, body composition, and athletic performance among female volleyball players aged 18 to 25 in Tamil Nadu, India. Integrating nutrition education into athlete development programs is crucial for optimizing performance and fostering informed nutrition practices. The study underscores the importance of targeted interventions tailored to the unique needs of athletes, particularly in regions where resources for nutritional education may be limited.</p> Bharathi Palani Yeddanapalli Chinniah Louis Raj Yuliya Kalmykova Swamynathan Sanjaykumar Svitlana Korsun Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-01 2024-06-01 9 3 151 160 10.15391/prrht.2024-9(3).05 The effect of radiofrequency treatment on insulin resistance in obese post-menopausal women: a randomized controlled trial https://phrir.com/journal/article/view/114 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p><strong>Purpose</strong><strong>:</strong> Obese post-menopausal women commonly develop insulin resistance due to a lack of estrogen hormone during menopause. Central abdominal fat and its related cardiovascular diseases are the consequences of insulin resistance. So, it represents a significant medical and socioeconomic issue impacting women’s health and quality of life. To determine the effect of radiofrequency in the treatment of insulin resistance in obese post-menopausal women.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods:</strong> &nbsp;Fifty-two post-menopausal women who were diagnosed with insulin resistance and abdominal obesity, whose age ranged from 48 to 60 years old, participated in this study. They were recruited from El- Khalil Ebrahem Hospital in Hadaek El Maadi, Cairo. The patients were assigned randomly into two groups equal in number (A &amp; B). Group (A), 26 patients who were treated with radiofrequency (twice/week/4 months), regular diet habits, and medical standard care for insulin resistance, while Group (B), 26 patients treated with regular diet habits and medical standard care for insulin resistance. Outcome measures, HOMA-IR and abdominal fat thickness were assessed prior to and after a four-month treatment duration for both groups.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> There was a statistical improvement in HOMA-IR (insulin resistance) and abdominal fat thickness within both groups (A &amp; B) (p &lt; 0.05). Post-treatment comparison revealed better improvement in favor of group A than group B (p &lt; 0.001) respectively.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: Adding radiofrequency to selected physical therapy program has improved insulin resistance and decreased abdominal fat in obese post-menopausal women.</p> Shymaa Mohammed Abdo Salwa M El-Badry Wessam Ali Al-kholy Dalia M Kamel Hossam H Salem Mona Ahmed Abdulmohsen Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-01 2024-06-01 9 3 161 174 10.15391/prrht.2024-9(3).06 Biological prerequisites for the introduction of health-saving technologies in the process of adaptive physical education of schoolchildren with visual impairments https://phrir.com/journal/article/view/115 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p><strong>Purpose. </strong>The purpose of the presented scientific research was, based on factor analysis, to substantiate the biological prerequisites for the introduction of health-saving technologies in the process of adaptive physical education of schoolchildren with visual impairments.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods. </strong>47 schoolchildren aged 10-13 years with visual impairment took part in the scientific study, of which 13 people were aged 10 years, 10 people were 11 years old, 13 people were 12 years old and 11 people were 13 years old. The problems identified during the study were solved using generally accepted methods: theoretical analysis of scientific literature on the chosen research topic and factor analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Factor analysis of indicators of physical development, physical fitness and balance of 10-year-old schoolchildren with visual impairment was determined on a sample of 79.1% of the total variance and is determined by the discrepancy between their physical condition and age-sex development parameters and depends on the level of physical fitness and the ability to maintain motor stability in conditions of maintaining balance. As for the three factors identified in the structure of indicators of physical development, physical fitness and balance state of 11-year-old schoolchildren with visual impairments, together they explain 74.3% of the total variance of indicators in the group. The key factors in the physical development of 11-year-old schoolchildren with visual impairment are: the stability of the ratio of height and chest circumference (CHC), body weight and its deviations from the norm, mobility and dexterity. Summing up the final analysis of the studied indicators on a sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren with visual impairments, it showed that the three-factor solution turned out to be the most informative and covers 83,14%. Studying the factor structure of the studied indicators in a group of 13-year-old schoolchildren with visual impairments, let us pay attention to the fact that a certain three-factor structure covers 83,7%. In accordance with these results of factor analysis, it can be concluded that the physical development of schoolchildren with visual impairment at the age of 13 is characterized by a combination of the development of muscle strength, physical fitness, breathing development, balance and coordination of movements.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Conducting a factor analysis of indicators of physical development, physical fitness and the functional state of balance of schoolchildren with visual impairments determines that it is important to improve coordination and balance, the need to control the physical parameters of the body and improve the level of physical fitness.</p> <p>The study identified common factors in the structure of adolescent schoolchildren in general and in separate groups of schoolchildren with visual impairments of all ages: the development of anthropometric body parameters; physical training and physical activity; development of balance. Specific factors that are unique only to a certain age were also identified, which indicates the need to guide the development of modern health-saving technology, which will contain training and corrective measures in these areas of work with schoolchildren aged 12 and 13 years.</p> Bozhena Bukhovets Galyna Dyshel Petro Todorov Inna Asauliuk Vitaly Usychenko Copyright (c) 2024 Bozhena Bukhovets, Galyna Dyshel , Petro Todorov , Inna Asauliuk, Vitaly Usychenko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-01 2024-06-01 9 3 175 187 10.15391/prrht.2024-9(3).07 Effectiveness of neurodynamic mobilization and MCGILL-type strengthening exercises in patients with piriformis syndrome: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial https://phrir.com/journal/article/view/116 <p><strong>Abstract.</strong></p> <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Determine the effectiveness of adding a McGill-type strengthening exercise program to neurodynamic mobilization in patients with pyramidal syndrome (PS).</p> <p><strong>Material and methods: </strong>This study has a pre/post experimental design of a randomized single-blind clinical trial that will be carried out in the province of Chimborazo - Ecuador, with a duration of 8 months. The final sample will be formed by 58 patients with a diagnosis of SP who will be randomly assigned to a control group: neurodynamic mobilization and to an experimental group: neurodynamic mobilization plus McGill type strengthening exercises. Both groups will be evaluated before, immediately after and after two months of the intervention phase to determine changes in pain, disability, and range of motion.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The comparison between the evaluations aims to reveal information on the effectiveness of combining neurodynamic mobilization plus McGill-type strengthening exercises, providing valuable information to contribute to the quality assurance of rehabilitation and physical activity behavior throughout rehabilitation patients.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Neurodynamic mobilization plus McGill-type strengthening exercises could reduce pain, improve range of motion and quality of life in patients diagnosed with SP.</p> David Marcelo Guevara Hernándeza Shirley Mireya Ortiz Pérez Franklin Baltodano Ardón Cintya Lisbeth Tello Núñez Joselyn Germania Otáñez Moreno Copyright (c) 2024 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-06-01 2024-06-01 9 3 188 200 10.15391/prrht.2024-9(3).08