The Effects of Psychological Interventions on Menstrual Health in Exercising Women: A Comprehensive Experimental Study


  • Swamynathan Sanjaykumar Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Science and Humanities, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur – 603203, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Navaraj Chelliah Jesus Rajkumar Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Science and Humanities, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur – 603203, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Ponnusamy Yoga Lakshmi Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Science and Humanities, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur – 603203, Tamil Nadu, India



Menstrual health, psychological interventions, stress reduction, body image perception, psychological well-being, reproductive health, physically active women


Purpose. This comprehensive experimental study explores the effects of psychological interventions on menstrual health in physically active women. The research aims to investigate the influence of stress reduction techniques, body image enhancement programs, and counseling on menstrual irregularities, stress levels, body image perceptions, and psychological well-being. It also examines the interplay between psychological factors and menstrual health, contributing to women's reproductive well-being.

Material & Methods. The study employs a rigorous randomized controlled trial design with 40 physically active women aged 18-23. Participants are divided into an intervention group receiving psychological interventions and a control group without interventions. The interventions include mindfulness meditation, deep breathing exercises, mirror affirmations, media literacy workshops, and gratitude journaling. Data is collected over six months through menstrual calendars, the Perceived Stress Scale, the Body Image Assessment Scale, and the Psychological Well-being Scale. Statistical analyses involve repeated measures ANOVA and regression analyses.

Results. The intervention group experiences significant improvements in menstrual regularity, stress reduction, body image perception, and psychological well-being. Menstrual regularity significantly improves (p<0.001), stress levels decrease (p<0.001), body image perception improves (p<0.001), and psychological well-being enhances (p<0.001). Correlations indicate positive relationships between psychological well-being and menstrual regularity (r=0.31, p=0.021) and negative relationships with stress levels (r=–0.42, p<0.001) and body image perception (r=0.28, p=0.031).

Conclusion. This study demonstrates the positive impact of psychological interventions on menstrual health, stress reduction, body image perception, and psychological well-being in physically active women. The findings underscore the potential of integrating psychological strategies into women's healthcare, offering holistic approaches to address both menstrual irregularities and related psychological concerns.


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How to Cite

Swamynathan Sanjaykumar, Navaraj Chelliah Jesus Rajkumar, & Ponnusamy Yoga Lakshmi. (2024). The Effects of Psychological Interventions on Menstrual Health in Exercising Women: A Comprehensive Experimental Study. Physical Rehabilitation and Recreational Health Technologies, 9(2), 45–51.



Original research article