The effectiveness of a 12-week sport nutrition education intervention on female volleyball players performance


  • Bharathi Palani Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Science and Humanities, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, India,
  • Yeddanapalli Chinniah Louis Raj Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Science and Humanities, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, India
  • Yuliya Kalmykova Department of Physical Therapy, Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture, Kharkiv, Ukraine; Municipal Non-Profit Enterprise Сітy Children's Hospital №5 Of Khariv City Council, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Swamynathan Sanjaykumar Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Science and Humanities, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur, India
  • Svitlana Korsun Department of medical and biological foundations of sport and physical culture, Kharkiv State Academy of Physical Culture, Kharkiv, Ukraine



sport nutrition, intervention, volleyball, women players, athletic performance



Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a 12-week sport nutrition education intervention (SNEI) on female volleyball players aged 18 to 25 in Tamil Nadu, India, with a focus on improving nutritional knowledge, dietary habits, body composition, and athletic performance.

Material and Methods: Employing a single-group pre- and post-test design, 30 participants underwent the SNEI, consisting of structured educational sessions covering topics such as energy intake, macronutrients, and hydration. Performance evaluations included agility, vertical jump, broad jump, and strength tests using standardized protocols.

Results: Post-intervention, participants demonstrated significant improvements in multiple domains. Sport nutrition knowledge increased significantly, with mean scores rising from 65.4 ± 7.2 to 82.7 ± 6.5. Dietary intake saw notable enhancements, particularly in protein and fat consumption, reflecting adherence to dietary guidelines. Body composition assessments revealed reduced fat mass, indicating improvements in body composition. Performance metrics exhibited significant enhancements, including agility, vertical jump height, broad jump distance, and strength, highlighting improved athletic performance.

Conclusions: The findings indicate that the 12-week SNEI effectively enhanced sport nutrition knowledge, dietary habits, body composition, and athletic performance among female volleyball players aged 18 to 25 in Tamil Nadu, India. Integrating nutrition education into athlete development programs is crucial for optimizing performance and fostering informed nutrition practices. The study underscores the importance of targeted interventions tailored to the unique needs of athletes, particularly in regions where resources for nutritional education may be limited.


Amatori, S., Sisti, D., Perroni, F., Impey, S., Lantignotti, M., Gervasi, M., & Donati Zeppa, S. (2020). Which are the nutritional supplements used by beach-volleyball athletes? A cross-sectional study at the Italian National Championship. Sports, 8(3), 31.

Borys, F. M., Zysk, B., Zanko, A., Chimkowska, D., Smarkusz-Zarzecka, J., Kielczewska, B., & Ostrowska, L. (2021). Assessment of the diet and body composition of students recreationally training team sports. Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity, 13(2), 47-54. doi:10.29359/BJHPA.13.2.05

Brinkmans, N., Plasqui, G., van Loon, L., & van Dijk, J. W. (2024). Energy expenditure and dietary intake in professional female football players in the Dutch Women’s League: Implications for nutritional counselling. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1–10.

Castillo, M., Lozano-Casanova, M., Sospedra, I., Norte, A., Gutiérrez-Hervás, A., & Martínez-Sanz, J. M. (2022). Energy and macronutrients intake in indoor sport team athletes: Systematic review. Nutrients, 14, 4755.

Danh, J. P., Nucci, A., Andrew Doyle, J., & Feresin, R. G. (2023). Assessment of sports nutrition knowledge, dietary intake, and nutrition information source in female collegiate athletes: A descriptive feasibility study. Journal of American College Health, 71(9), 2717–2725.

Hargreaves, M., Hawley, J. A., & Jeukendrup, A. (2004). Pre-exercise carbohydrate and fat ingestion: Effects on metabolism and performance. Journal of Sports Sciences, 22, 31-38. doi:10.1080/0264041031000140536

Hulland, S. C., Trakman, G. L., & Alcock, R. D. (2024). Adolescent athletes have better general than sports nutrition knowledge and lack awareness of supplement recommendations: A systematic literature review. British Journal of Nutrition, 131(8), 1362-1376. doi:10.1017/S0007114523002799

Jariono, G., Nurhidayat, Indarto, P., Sistiasih, V. S., Nugroho, H., & Maslikah, U. (2024). Physical Activity Training Methods to Improve the Physical Condition of Volleyball Players: A Systematic Review. Physical Education Theory and Methodology, 24(1), 118–129.

Jayawardena, R., Weerasinghe, K., Madhujith, T., et al. (2024). Perceptions of the importance of sports nutrition knowledge and barriers in implementing them: A qualitative study among track and field stakeholders in Sri Lanka. BMC Nutrition, 10, 17.

Jeoung, B., & Kim, J. (2021). Analysis and evaluation of nutritional intake and nutrition quotient of Korean athletes with disabilities in the Tokyo Paralympic Games. Nutrients, 13(10), 3631.

Keren, T. H., Gavaravarapu, S. M., Ramesh, B. S., et al. (2024). Sports nutrition knowledge, attitude, and practice questionnaire for Indian adolescent athletes – an exploratory sequential mixed-method study. Sports Science and Health, 1-19.

Klein, D. J., Eck, K. M., Walker, A. J., Pellegrino, J. K., & Freidenreich, D. J. (2021). Assessment of sport nutrition knowledge, dietary practices, and sources of nutrition information in NCAA Division III collegiate athletes. Nutrients, 13(9), 2962.

Krasova, I., Semyzorova, A., Deineko, A., Beihul, I., & Shyshkina, O. (2023). Barre-fitness as a modern means of improving the health of women in the first period of adulthood. Physical Rehabilitation and Recreational Health Technologies, 8(1), 29–38.

Miguel-Ortega, A., Calleja-Gonzalez, J., & Mielgo-Ayuso, J. (2023). Nutrition-related considerations for health and performance in female volleyball: A narrative review. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 18(2), 462-477.

Miteva, S., Yanev, I., Kolimechkov, S., Petrov, L., Mladenov, L., Georgieva, V., & Somlev, P. (2020). Nutrition and body composition of elite rhythmic gymnasts from Bulgaria. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 15(1), 108-116.

Muwonge, H., Zavuga, R., Kabenge, P. A., & Makubuya, T. (2017). Nutritional supplement practices of professional Ugandan athletes: A cross-sectional study. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 14(1).

Okoren, L., & Magkos, F. (2023). Physiological characteristics, dietary intake, and supplement use in sport climbing. Current Nutrition Reports, 12, 788–796.

Pavlović, R., Savić, V., Radulović, N., & Skrypchenko, I. . (2022). Detection of female volleyball player body composition uzing bioelectric impedanse analysis: cross-sectional study. Health, Sport, Rehabilitation, 8(1), 28–38.

Swamynathan Sanjaykumar, Navaraj Chelliah Jesus Rajkumar, & Ponnusamy Yoga Lakshmi. (2024). The Effects of Psychological Interventions on Menstrual Health in Exercising Women: A Comprehensive Experimental Study. Physical Rehabilitation and Recreational Health Technologies, 9(2), 45–51.

Schulze, A., & Busse, M. (2024). Sports diet and oral health in athletes: A comprehensive review. Medicina, 60, 319.

Sevim, Y., Öztürk, H. N. O., & Ergün, M. (2023). Knowledge and consumption frequency of probiotics and fermented foods in elite volleyball players-A pilot study. Journal of Research in Pharmacy, 27(2), 519-528.