Physical Rehabilitation and Recreational Health Technologies <p><strong>Parallel title:</strong> Fizicna Reabilitacia ta Rekreacijno-Ozdorovci Tehnologii <br /><strong>Parallel title:</strong> Фізична реабілітація та рекреаційно-оздоровчі технології</p> en-US (Yuliya Kalmykova) (Yuliya Kalmykova) Tue, 30 Jan 2024 16:04:44 +0200 OJS 60 Occurrence of dystonic-type response to physical stress in soccer players <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> to investigate the occurrence of dystonic type response to physical activity in the form of submaximal PWC<sub>170</sub> test in soccer players.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> 741 soccer players divided into 3 groups according to their sports qualification were examined. The data of 68 high-class soccer players with "infinite tone" and 69 high-class soccer players without "infinite tone" were compared, 251 advanced soccer players with "infinite tone" with 179 advanced soccer players without "infinite tone", and 69 intermediate soccer players with "infinite tone" with 105 similarly qualified soccer players without "infinite tone". Blood pressure was measured by the Korotkoff method using an aneroid sphygmomanometer (Romed, Netherlands) on the right arm. Three measurements were taken 5 minutes apart, and the lowest reading was used. Physical working capacity was assessed on a bicycle ergometer (Corival, Netherlands).</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>it was found that physical working capacity didn't differ significantly between athletes with and without "infinite tone", and in the group of advanced athletes was significantly higher in players with "infinite tone". The same number of soccer players with signs of metabolic cardiomyopathy was found with and without “infinite tone” (p=0.916).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: dystonic type of reaction of cardiovascular system to physical load in the form of submaximal PWC<sub>170</sub> test with "infinite tone" is found in 52,4% of examined soccer players, more often in advanced athletes aged 19 (18; 22) years – 64,7%, in comparison with intermediate players aged 16 (15; 17) years – 17,8%, p&lt;0,001, which doesn’t confirm the opinion about occurrence of "infinite tone" in adolescents during puberty. The absence of significant differences in most of the studied indicators, in particular, the relative value of physical working capacity and blood pressure at 5 minutes of recovery period, indicates the unrelated appearance of "infinite tone" in soccer players of different sports qualification. The opinion of scientists that the dystonic type of reaction to physical load with "infinite tone" is physiological and the reaction is atypical is confirmed with the recommendation to make corrections in the section "Functional tests" of the national textbook "Physical Rehabilitation. Sports Medicine".</p> Yevhen Mykhaliuk, Yehor Horokhovskyi, Anatolii Bosenko, Oleg Bazylchuk, Nadiia Orlyk Copyright (c) 2024 Authors Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Determining the impact of 12 weeks intervention of hatha yoga practices on range of motion of trunk lateral flexion and thoracolumbar spine trunk rotation in college men <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> yoga has many uses in rehabilitation in addition to its health benefits for managing and preventing disease (rehabilitare, from the Latin, means to restore). Rehabilitation comes in a variety of forms, including social, psychological, and physical. As a way of life, yoga has assisted people with physical ailments in regaining their health. Hatha yoga practices are an effective means to improve the flexibility in college students. The Purpose of this investigation was to study benefits of hatha yoga practices on range of motion of trunk lateral flexion and thoracolumbar spine trunk rotation in college men.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> thirty untrained college students were randomly assigned to Hatha Yoga Practice group (HYP) (n=15) (Age: 19.1±0.9, Height: 171.7±2.5, Weight: 63.9±2.4) and control group (CG) (n=15) (Age: 19.1±0.8, Height: 171.2±2.6, Weight: 63.9±1.8) and their ranged from 18 to 23 years. The HYP group performed their respective training, three times per week for twelve weeks. Prior to and after the training, TLF, and TSTR were evaluated using standardized tests. The dependent ‘t’ ratio was used to analyze pre- and post-intervention data.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> the results showed that the HYP group significantly (p=0.00) improved in TLF and TSTR compared to the control group.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> the twelve weeks of Hatha yoga training produced better improvement over TLF and TSTR in college men.</p> Ethiraj Balaji, Kamatchi Murugavel, Mariyappan Rajkumar, Subbramani Logeswaran, Veluchamy Vijayasankar Copyright (c) 2024 Authors Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0200 OM Chanting Reduces Psychological Distress Level in Office Workers During Covid 19 Pandemic <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>psychological stress caused due to the current COVID 19 pandemic lock down may have an adverse impact on the quality of life (QoL) in office shift workers. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of OM chanting on the levels of perceived psychological stress, quality of life and sleep among office workers who are confined at home and work during the global COVID-19 pandemic.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods: </strong>an online OM chanting session was conducted for 20 workers who stayed at home and worked during the pandemic lockdown. Prior to and at the end of the training all the participants finished a battery of self-reported online inventories, including the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale with 21 items (DASS-21) and quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF).</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>after ten days of OM chanting, all the participants stated a significant enhancement in all domains of quality of life and a reduction of psychological distress (P&lt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> OM chanting is feasible, safe and has a positive effect on psychological quality of life of participants. Still further studies have to be done to warrant the findings with suitable study design.</p> Jagadeesan Thanalakshmi, Kuppusamy Maheshkumar, Kavia Shree, Mou Pramanik, Karuppasamy Govindasamy Copyright (c) 2024 Authors Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Cardiorespiratory synchronization under the influence of strength endurance training <p><strong>Purpose: </strong>to determine changes in the parameters of cardiorespiratory relationships during the maneuver with a change in breathing rate after a 4-month cycle of training aimed at the development of strength endurance.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods: </strong>the results of the spiroarteriocardiorhythmographic study of 22 healthy men aged 20.7±2.3 years, who for 4 months 2 times a week for 90 minutes, were analyzed (a total of 30 classes were held) engaged in training for the development of strength endurance. The indicators of heart rate (min<sup>–</sup><sup>1</sup>), respiratory rate (min<sup>–</sup><sup>1</sup>), cardiac output (dm<sup>3</sup>×min<sup>–</sup><sup>1</sup>), minute lung ventilation (L×min<sup>–</sup><sup>1</sup>) and their derivatives – the Hildebrandt index (HR/RR) and volume synchronization index (CO/V), which were obtained during spontaneous respiration and controlled breathing at 0.1 Hz and 0.25 Hz.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>it was shown that strength endurance training led to a probable decrease in heart rate from 71.4 (63.9; 77.5) to 64.3 (60.8; 68.3), p=0.002, respiratory rate from 14.1 (12, 7; 16.8) to 13.8 (10.7; 15.3), p= 0.020 and minute lung ventilation from 8.19 (6.24; 8.86) to 6.40 (3.73; 7.74) ), p=0.004 during spontaneous breathing, as well as a significant increase in the volumetric synchronization index. (dm<sup>3</sup>×L<sup>–</sup><sup>1</sup>) during spontaneous respiration from 0.597 (0.490; 0.832) to 0.725 (0.564; 1.148), p=0.008, during controlled respiration at 0.1 Hz from 0.327 (0.382; 0.529) to 0.532 (0.441; 0.723), p=0.012 and during controlled respiration at 0.25 Hz from 0,245 (0,339; 0,455) to 0,481 (0,373; 0,616), р=0,003 against the background of a decrease in the Hildebrandt index during controlled respiration 0,1 Hz from 11.14 (10.43; 12.49) to 10.18 (9.54; 11.00), p=0.001, as well as with controlled respiration at 0.25 Hz from 5.33 (4.68; 5.85) to 4.46 (4.13; 4, 78), p=0.000.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> endurance training for 4 months led to an economization of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems function and a decrease in the response to sympathoadrenal activation and hyperventilation.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Oleksandr Romanchuk, Oksana Guzii, Anatoliy Mahliovanyi, Igor Smirnov Copyright (c) 2024 Authors Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0200 Effect of Yoga Practice on Pulmonary Function in Healthy Young Adults with Intellectual Disability <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> individuals with intellectual disability (ID) often experience challenges related to low levels of physical fitness, impacting both their physical and mental well-being. This study aims to evaluate the pulmonary function of children with ID and explore the effect of yoga practices on pulmonary function among the participants with ID.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods:</strong> the study was an assessor-blinded, randomised, controlled study. Participants clinically diagnosed with intellectual disability (ID) were randomly assigned to either yoga intervention or no intervention for a duration of 6 months. Pulmonary function test was assessed at baseline and after 6 months of intervention using a Helios 401 device.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> in this study, a total of 56 adult participants of both sexes with intellectual disabilities (ID) were initially enrolled (n=56). Following the intervention, the final sample size was 48 participants. Notably, the participants in the yoga group demonstrated a statistically significant (p&lt;0.05) improvement in pulmonary function parameters when compared to the control group. These findings suggest a positive impact of the yoga intervention on pulmonary function, highlighting its potential as a beneficial therapeutic approach for individuals with intellectual disabilities. The observed improvements underscore the significance of incorporating yoga into interventions aimed at enhancing respiratory well-being in this population.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>in conclusion, this randomized controlled study offers valuable insights into the effects of various types of yoga practice on the pulmonary function of healthy young adults with intellectual disabilities. The positive outcomes observed underscore the potential of yoga as an effective intervention for enhancing pulmonary function in individuals with intellectual disabilities. These findings contribute to the growing body of evidence supporting the integration of yoga into interventions aimed at promoting respiratory well-being in this population. Further research and exploration of specific yoga practices may provide additional tailored approaches for optimizing the respiratory health of individuals with intellectual disabilities.</p> Sangeeta Karlekar, Sigamani Jayasingh Albert Chandrasekar, Masilamani Elayaraja, Hemantajit Gogoi, Karuppasamy Govindasamy Copyright (c) 2024 Authors Tue, 30 Jan 2024 00:00:00 +0200