Physical Rehabilitation and Recreational Health Technologies <p><strong>Parallel title:</strong> Fizicna Reabilitacia ta Rekreacijno-Ozdorovci Tehnologii <br /><strong>Parallel title:</strong> Фізична реабілітація та рекреаційно-оздоровчі технології</p> en-US (Yuliya Kalmykova) (Yuliya Kalmykova) Mon, 01 Apr 2024 08:39:44 +0300 OJS 60 The Effects of Psychological Interventions on Menstrual Health in Exercising Women: A Comprehensive Experimental Study <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> This comprehensive experimental study explores the effects of psychological interventions on menstrual health in physically active women. The research aims to investigate the influence of stress reduction techniques, body image enhancement programs, and counseling on menstrual irregularities, stress levels, body image perceptions, and psychological well-being. It also examines the interplay between psychological factors and menstrual health, contributing to women's reproductive well-being.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods.</strong> The study employs a rigorous randomized controlled trial design with 40 physically active women aged 18-23. Participants are divided into an intervention group receiving psychological interventions and a control group without interventions. The interventions include mindfulness meditation, deep breathing exercises, mirror affirmations, media literacy workshops, and gratitude journaling. Data is collected over six months through menstrual calendars, the Perceived Stress Scale, the Body Image Assessment Scale, and the Psychological Well-being Scale. Statistical analyses involve repeated measures ANOVA and regression analyses.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The intervention group experiences significant improvements in menstrual regularity, stress reduction, body image perception, and psychological well-being. Menstrual regularity significantly improves (p&lt;0.001), stress levels decrease (p&lt;0.001), body image perception improves (p&lt;0.001), and psychological well-being enhances (p&lt;0.001). Correlations indicate positive relationships between psychological well-being and menstrual regularity (r=0.31, p=0.021) and negative relationships with stress levels (r=–0.42, p&lt;0.001) and body image perception (r=0.28, p=0.031).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> This study demonstrates the positive impact of psychological interventions on menstrual health, stress reduction, body image perception, and psychological well-being in physically active women. The findings underscore the potential of integrating psychological strategies into women's healthcare, offering holistic approaches to address both menstrual irregularities and related psychological concerns.</p> Swamynathan Sanjaykumar, Navaraj Chelliah Jesus Rajkumar, Ponnusamy Yoga Lakshmi Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0300 A Comprehensive Analysis of Sports Nutrition Knowledge and Diet Diversity Among South Indian Athletes <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> Athletes can benefit greatly from having knowledge about sports nutrition. However, there are limited studies on athletes' nutritional knowledge and dietary habits in South India. This study aims to assess the athletes' sports nutrition knowledge, analyse their dietary practices and attitudes, and the dietary diversity score.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods. </strong>A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in selected areas of Chengalpattu district in Tamil Nadu. Eighty-five athletes aged 10-18 training in different sports academies were interviewed individually using a validated questionnaire to analyse their sports nutrition knowledge, attitude and dietary practices.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The results showed that only 4.7% of the athletes had adequate nutritional knowledge of over 60%. The mean overall knowledge score was 40.2%, with athletes being most knowledgeable about protein and its sources (mean score of 67.9%), but less aware of carbohydrate and fat sources and recommendations (mean score of 15.08% and 14.01%, respectively). The mean score for attitude and dietary practices were 64.4 and 59.5 respectively. A strong and positive correlation was found between the level of nutritional knowledge and attitude (p=0.0001). Additionally, we found that the occupation of parents and the monthly income of the family were significantly associated with the athletes' nutritional knowledge. Majority of athletes (74.1%) of the athletes had an adequate dietary diversity score (DDS) of ≥ 5, and 25.9% of the athletes had a DDS of ≤ 4.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Nutritional educational interventions at the grass root level can potentially improve athletes' knowledge, dietary practices and sports performance in the future. It is crucial to identify and address knowledge gaps, and use technology to monitor and motivate athletes towards consistency in implementing their knowledge.</p> Sai laavanya, Silambu selvi Kumbamoorthy Copyright (c) 2024 Sai laavanya, Silambu selvi Kumbamoorthy Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0300 Vision Management in Adolescents with Visually Impaired: The Effect of Yogic Visual Concentration <p>According to World Health Organization (WHO), 314 million individuals worldwide suffer from some degree of vision impairment. Yoga is an effective intervention for the purification and preparation of the body. The leading cleaning practices such as yoga postures, breathing control, and meditation, among others. These techniques include a yogic visual concentration technique known as Trataka. According to certain studies, yogic visual concentration improves eyesight. However, the immediate effect of trataka on visual acuity in adolescents with the visually impaired has not been investigated.</p> <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> The present study investigated the effect of 6 weeks of trataka training on visual acuity in visually impaired adolescents.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods. </strong>The study used a single group, before/after design, with ten visually challenged adolescents (<em>M</em>age=16.5 years; <em>SD</em>=1.5; range 15-18 years) participating in a 6-week trataka training. In clinical settings, the Snellen chart is the most used tool for determining a participant's level of visual acuity.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The outcome score for left eyesight (44.44 per cent) and right eyesight (50.43 per cent) improved significantly. Furthermore, paired <em>t</em>-test findings revealed significant improvement in both left eyesight (<em>p</em>&lt;0.001; ES=0.87) and right eyesight (<em>p</em>&lt;0.001; ES=0.83) following 6 weeks of trataka training.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The findings of this study objectively show that the yogic visual concentration training may be more effective in adolescents with the visually impaired. Future studies with larger sample size and a more substantial research design based on objective variables are required to strengthen the study's conclusions.</p> Dilshith Azeezul Kabeer, Binthu Mathavan, Pankaj Kumar, Nafih Cherappurath, Vinu W Copyright (c) 2024 Dilshith Azeezul Kabeer, Nafih Cherappurath, Pankaj Kumar, Binthu Mathavan, Vinu W Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0300 Analysis of anthropometric indicators of visually impaired children in relation to their healthy peers and according to subgroups of a special medical group <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> The purpose of this study is to conduct a comparative analysis of physical development indicators as one of the criteria for the health status of children with visual deprivation, based on the special medical subgroup, in comparison with their relatively healthy peers.<br><strong>Material &amp; Methods.</strong> Guided by ethical principles and based on informed consent, a study was conducted involving 27 children aged 10. Among them, 13 children had visual deprivation, specifically 8 children were assigned to subgroup A, and 5 to subgroup B. Additionally, 14 relatively healthy children participated in the study. The assessment of physical development was carried out through anthropometric measurements, including body weight, body length, chest circumference, and chest excursion, following standard methodology.<br><strong>Results.</strong> The corresponding statistical analysis revealed that the difference between the groups is statistically significant at the level of p&lt;0.01 only for the indicators of chest circumference on inhalation and exhalation in centimeters, as well as for the chest circumference based on the sigma coefficient. For the rest of the indicators, the differences do not reach a sufficient level of statistical significance. These data indicate that 10-year-old children with visual deprivation significantly differed from their peers without visual deprivation in having a significantly larger chest circumference. Children from subgroup B are slightly taller, have a greater body mass, and exceed the chest circumference on inhalation and exhalation of children who, based on medical criteria, fall into subgroup A. However, all these differences, according to statistical criteria, are not pronounced enough to be considered significant for making decisions regarding the specific design of a program for correcting motor disorders during physical education sessions.<br><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The study confirmed data showing that children with visual deprivation exhibit higher body weight indicators compared to their peers without visual deprivation. This is attributed to a sedentary lifestyle resulting from visual analyzer dysfunction. Comparing the anthropometric indices of children with visual deprivation of subgroup A and subgroup B, insignificant differences were found. The only indicator that significantly distinguishes these groups of children is chest excursion, where most children in subgroup A have a difference of 4 cm between the circumference of the chest during inhalation and exhalation, and children in subgroup B have a difference of only 3 cm. The statistical significance of such differences was confirmed by the Mann-Whitney test at the level of p≤0.05.</p> Bozhena Bukhovets, Vitalii Kashuba, Boris Dolinskiy, Serhiy Romanenko, Liliya Prokofieva Copyright (c) 2024 Bozhena Bukhovets, Vitalii Kashuba, Boris Dolinskiy, Serhiy Romanenko, Liliya Prokofieva Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0300 Effect of Twelve-Week Yoga Intervention on Stress and Anxiety in School Going Children <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> The purpose of the study was to examine the effect of twelve-week yogic practices on stress and anxiety in school going male students.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods. </strong>A total of 30 males, aged (15.5±2.40 years) from senior secondary school were selected as subjects. The subjects were divided into two groups of fifteen each (n=15) randomly. The experimental group underwent yogic practices (asanas &amp; pranayamas) for a period of twelve-week and control group followed a normal routine. The training intervention was for forty-five minutes, six days a week. Stress was assessed by the perceived stress scale and anxiety was assessed by Ducklow’s anxiety questionnaire. A pre-post assessment protocol was employed to determine the effect of a twelve-week yogic practice intervention.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>Unadjusted post hoc comparison between covariate adjusted means revealed a significant difference in anxiety between the experimental, M<sub>adj</sub>=24.7, SE<sub>adj</sub>=0.78 and control, M<sub>adj</sub>=31.70, SE<sub>adj</sub>=0.78 groups after twelve-week of yoga intervention, p&lt;0.001, d=2.35, 95% CI [3.36, 1.33]. A significant difference was also observed between experimental, M<sub>adj</sub>=24.5, SE<sub>adj</sub>=0.43 and control, M<sub>adj</sub>=26.5, SE<sub>adj</sub>=0.43 groups in stress after treatment, p=0.004, d=1.15, 95% CI [1.97, 0.33].</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>Yogic practices (asanas &amp; pranayamas) are beneficial in reducing the stress and anxiety of school going male students. It may be used as a protocol for the maintenance of sound mental health, wellness and fitness.</p> Punam Pradhan, Tarak Nath Pramanik Copyright (c) 2024 PUNAM PRADHAN, Tarak Nath Pramanik Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0300 Assessment of the function of the lower limb and gait of patients after knee replacement using physical therapy <p><strong>Purpose. </strong>To study the dynamics of the function of the lower limb and gait of patients after knee replacement using physical therapy.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods. </strong>Patients were randomly distributed into groups&nbsp;– control (CG) and study (MG), each group&nbsp;– 12 people (n=24). The groups received a rehabilitation intervention according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) concept. For each person, a categorical profile was created and SMART goals were set. The developed program of physical therapy (PT) for the MG, taking into account short-term goals in a SMART format, included the use of kinesitherapy according to the author’s method, hydrokinesitherapy and physiotherapy. Lower limb function and gait were assessed before and after the intervention using the Visual Analogue Pain Scale (VAS), goniometry, Tegner-Lusholm scale and Timed Up and Go (TUG) Test.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>VAS pain scores showed significant dynamics in both groups, but without a significant difference between the groups (p&gt;0,05). Indicators of the amplitude of flexion in the operated knee joint approached the normative values; in patients from the MG they improved by 23,51%, and in the CG&nbsp;– by 10,83% (p&lt;0,05). Improvement in indicators on the Tegner-Lusholm scale after the rehabilitation cycle occurred in both groups (p&lt;0,05), but the results of the MG were significantly higher (p&lt;0.05). During the repeated study, 16.66% of the CG showed an "excellent result", in the absence of such a result in the CG. Timed Up and Go (TUG) Test indicators had positive dynamics in both groups (p&lt;0,05), but large changes were observed in the MG (р&lt;0,05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>analysis of the dynamics of indicators of physical functions, range of motion and gait of persons 50-64 years old after total knee replacement confirmed the advantages of the developed physical therapy program for persons in the MG.</p> Olha Svierchkova, Sergey Kalmykov, Anna Rudenko, Sviatoslava Pashkevych, Oleksandr Romanchuk Copyright (c) 2024 Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0300 Analysis of the effectiveness of the developed system of physical therapy for patients with rheumatoid arthritis in terms of daily activity, health status and quality of life <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> The purpose of the article is to analyze the effectiveness of the developed system of physical therapy for patients with rheumatoid arthritis based on the results of indicators of daily activity, health status and quality of life.</p> <p><strong>Material &amp; Methods. </strong>188 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were examined, including 156 women (83%) and 32 men (17%), with an average age of 44,9±7,6 years. The patients were randomly divided into a control group (n=92) and a study group (n=96). Patients in the main group were trained according to the proposed system of physical therapy, which was developed in accordance with the domains of the ICF, taking into account factors affecting the level of functional impairment, health status and quality of life (categories at the level of activity and participation). In the dynamics, a comparative assessment of functional limitations in the daily activity of the upper extremities was performed using the DASH questionnaire, health status assessment using the Stanford Health Interview, and quality of life using the EuroQol-5D-5L questionnaire.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>.</strong> In patients with rheumatoid arthritis, the initial examination revealed impaired performance of daily activities, in particular, activities requiring hand strength according to the DASH questionnaire, low self-assessment of health according to the Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire, and significant deterioration in quality of life (EQ-5D-5L) due to the negative impact of existing functional impairments of the upper extremities. After the rehabilitation intervention, patients in both groups showed statistically significant improvement in all studied indicators: facilitation of performing household activities in everyday life, increased self-assessment of health, and improved quality of life compared to baseline data (p &lt; 0.05). However, patients in the main group showed a significantly better result than patients in the control group, which indicates the effectiveness of the proposed rehabilitation measures (p&lt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion. </strong>Significantly better differences between patients of the main and control groups were found according to the results of the studied indicators, which clearly demonstrates and confirms the effectiveness of the proposed system of physical therapy in contrast to the standard rehabilitation system.</p> Anzhela Nogas, Igor Grygus, Serhii Hutsman, Valerii Diachuk, Ivanna Blayda Copyright (c) 2024 Angela Nogas, Igor Grygus, Serhii Hutsman, Valerii Diachuk, Ivanna Blayda Mon, 01 Apr 2024 00:00:00 +0300