Changes in physical activity indicators of Ukrainian students in the conditions of distance education
Keywords:higher education students, physical activity, distance education, female students, male students
Purpose: purpose of the work is to determine the changes in physical activity indicators of Ukrainian students in the conditions of distance education caused by the quarantine restrictions and the conditions of the legal regime of martial law.
Material & Methods: the study, which lasted from 2020 to 2023, involved 1528 higher education students from different regions of Ukraine. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) was used to assess physical activity. The results were subjected to statistical analysis.
Results: the results of the study of PA indicators in students showed that on average they had a normal PA score, which was 26.0 (22.0; 32.0) points for males, and 24.0 (19.0; 30.0) points for females. It was proved that, compared to female students, the PA score of male students was statistically significantly higher (U=226269.5; Z=7.329; p<0.05). The study of the dynamics of PA indicators demonstrated that while the PA score of higher education students, regardless of gender status, decreased from the beginning of quarantine restrictions (p<0.05), it did not differ statistically from the pre-quarantine level (p>0.05) in 2021. Nevertheless, with the outbreak of hostilities in the Ukraine, the PA score has decreased and continues to decline. There was an unprecedented increase in the percentage of students with low PA, which reached 43.1% and 60.1% among male and female students, respectively, in 2023.
Conclusions: the analysis of the dynamics of PA in higher education students for the period from 2019 to 2023 revealed a decrease in the PA score during the distance learning period, regardless of gender status. The only exception was 2021, which can be explained by the adaptation of students to distance learning. Instead, the armed conflict in the country led to a sharp decline in the PA score and a statistically significant (p<0.05) increase in the proportion of students with low physical activity. Moreover, this trend continued in 2023. The findings of the study made possible to assess the extent of the negative impact of distance learning under quarantine restrictions and the legal regime of martial law on the PA in higher education students.
Amo, C., Almansour, N., & Harvey, I.S. (2022). Physical Activity and Mental Health Declined during the Time of the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Narrative Literature Review. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(18), 11230. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph191811230
Andrieieva, O., Maltsev, D., Kashuba, V., Dutchak, M., Ratnikov, D., Grygus, I., Byshevets, N., & Horodinska, I. (2022a). Relationship between quality of life and level of physical activity and family well-being. Physical Education Theory and Methodology, 22(4), 569-575. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2022.4.16
Andrieieva, O., Blystiv, T., Byshevets, N., Moseychuk, Y., Balatska, L., Liasota, T., Brazhanyuk, A., & Bohdanyuk, A. (2022b). Assessment of the impact of outdoor activities at leisure facilities on the physical activity of 15-year-old schoolchildren during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 22(8), 1839-47. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2022.08231
Antomonov, M.J. (2018). Mathematical processing and analysis of medical and biological data. ISBN: 978-966-409-202-6. https://bit.ly/441qAx7
Banakh, V., Iedynak, G., Sovtisik, D., Galamanzhuk, L., Bodnar, A., Blavt, O., Balatska, L., & Alieksieiev, O. (2023). Physiological Characteristics of Young People in the Absence of Mandatory Physical Activity Required at the University. Physical Education Theory and Methodology, 23(2), 253-262. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2023.2.14
Bland, H.W, Melton, B.F, Bigham, L.E, & Welle, P.D. (2014). Quantifying the Impact of Physical Activity on Stress Tolerance in College Students. College Student Journal, 48(4), 559-568. https://bit.ly/3JdqYAJ
Brito-Suárez, J.M., Alpuche, H.A., & Gutiérrez, C.C. (2023). Emotional states and habits in college students during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study. Inv Ed Med, 12(45), 44-51. https://doi.org/10.22201/fm.20075057e.2023.45.22461
Byshevets, N., Andrieieva, O., Goncharova, N., Hakman, A., Zakharina, Ie., Synihovets, I., Zaitsev, V. (2023a). Prediction of stress-related conditions in students and their prevention through health-enhancing recreational physical activity. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 23(4), 937-943. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2023.04117
Dyuzhikova, T.M., Balokha, A.S., & Chepeliuk A.V. (2022). Peculiarities of the organization of the educational process in secondary schools in the conditions of war. Perspectives and innovations of science. 11(16). 58-66. https://doi.org/10.52058/2786-4952-2022-11(16)-58-66
Groffik, D., Frömel, K., Ziemba, M., & Mitáš, J. (2021). The Association between Participation in Organized Physical Activity and the Structure of Weekly Physical Activity in Polish Adolescents. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(4), 1408. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041408
Hakman, A., Andrieieva, O., Bezverkhnia, H., Moskalenko, N., Tsybulska, V., Osadchenko, T., & Filak, Y. (2020). Dynamics of the physical fitness and circumference sizes of body parts as a motivation for self-improvement and self-control in students. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20(1), 116-122. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.01015
Hamer, M., Endrigh,i R., & Poole, L. (2012). Physical activity, stress reduction, and mood: insight into immunological mechanisms. Psychoneuroimmunology. Methods in Molecular Biology, 934, 89-102. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-62703-071-7_5
Hemarachatanon, P., Nuttouch, W., Weerawong, N., & Huntula, S. (2023). The Effects of Online Physical Activity During Covid-19 Pandemic among Undergraduate Students in Thailand. Physical Education Theory and Methodology, 23(2), 229-235. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2023.2.11
Jong-Ho, Kim, & Larry A. McKenzie (2014). Impacts of Physical Exercise on Stress Coping and Well-Being in University Students in the Context of Leisure. Scientific Research Publishing, 6(19), 2570-2580. https://doi.org/10.4236/health.2014.619296
Kartashov, M.V. (2007). Probability, processes, statistics. Kyiv University Publishing and Printing Center. https://bit.ly/3N7lN6E
Kashuba, V., Andrieieva, O., Hakman, A., Grygus, I., Smoleńska, O., Ostrowska, M., Napierała, M., Hagner-Derengowska, M., Muszkieta, R., & Zukow, W. (2021). Impact of aquafitness training on physical condition of early adulthood women. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 21(2), 152-157. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2021.2.08
Kosheleva, O., Tatarchenko, L., Ruzanov, V., & Maksimov, A. (2021). Peculiarities of the organization of physical activity of students in conditions of distance learning. Sports Bulletin of the Dnieper Region, 2, 51-60. https://doi.org/10.32540/2071-1476-2021-2-051
Maher, J.P., Hevel, D.J., Reifsteck, E.J., & Drollette, E.S. (2021). Physical activity is positively associated with college students' positive affect regardless of stressful life events during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychology of sport and exercise, 52, 101826. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101826
Marchenko, O., Brychuk, M., & Dedukh, M. (2022). Personal the ability to motivate students to independence them to engage in motor activity in the conditions martial law. Theory and methodology of physical education and sports, 3, 44-50. https://doi.org/10.32652/tmfvs.2022.3.44–50
Nahorna, A, & Andrieieva, O. (2023). Opportunities for physical activity within clinical care: positive healthcare effects of exercise interventions delivered via telehealth services with evidence-based fitness resources. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, 63, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.23.14566-X
Pascoe, M.C., Hetrick, S.E., & Parker, A.G. (2020). The impact of stress on students in secondary school and higher education. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 25(1), 104-112. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2019.1596823
Petrachkov, O., Yarmak, O., Shostak, R., ...Chepurnyi, V., & Drozdovska, S. (2023). The effect of stress factors on cognitive and management functions of cadets of higher military educational institutions. Journal of Physical Education and Sport. 23(1), 162-169. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2023.01020
Roggio, F., Trovato B., Ravalli, S., Di Rosa, M., Maugeri, G., Bianco, A., Palma, A., & Musumeci G. (2021). One Year of COVID-19 Pandemic in Italy: Effect of Sedentary Behavior on Physical Activity Levels and Musculoskeletal Pain among University Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(16), 8680. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168680
Sluhenska, R.V., Hauryak, O.D., Yerokhova, A.A., & Lytvynyuk, N.Ya. (2021). The influence of physical culture on overcoming stress in students of higher educational institutions. Scientific journal of the National Pedagogical University named after M.P. Drahomanova, 7(152), 108-110. https://doi.org/10.31392/NPU-nc.series15.2022.7(152).25
Stadnyk, V. (2022). Pedagogical foundations of psychological support of the process of physical education of students of higher education in the conditions of martial law. Innovation in education, 16, 132-140. https://doi.org/10.35619/iiu.v1i16.488
Stockwell, S., Trott, M., Tully, M., Shin, J., Barnett, Y., Butler, L., McDermott D., Schuch, F., & Smith, Lee. (2021). Changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviours from before to during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown: a systematic review. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 7, e000960. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjsem-2020-000960
Suwannakul, B., Sangkarit, N., Manoy, P., Amput, P., & Tapanya, W. (2023). Association between Stress and Physical Fitness of University Students Post-COVID-19 Pandemic. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology, 8(1), 33. https://doi.org/10.3390/jfmk8010033
Yopa, T.V., & Permyakov, O.A. (2023). Movement activity of student youth in the conditions of the pandemic. The image of a modern teacher, 6(195), 61-64. https://doi.org/10.33272/2522-9729-2020-6(195)-61-64
Zhi Cao, Chenjie Xu, Pengjie Zhang, & Yaogang Wang (2022). Associations of sedentary time and physical activity with adverse health conditions: Outcome-wide analyses using isotemporal substitution model, eClinicalMedicine, 48, 101424. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2022.101424.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Andrieieva et al.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.